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Nigerian States

Nigerian States
The different states of Nigeria.

Abia

Abia State is a state in the south eastern part of Nigeria. The capital is Umuahia and the major commercial city is Aba, formerly a British colonial government outpost. The state was created in 1991 from part of Imo State and its citizens are predominantly Igbo people (95% of population). It is one of the nine constituent states of the Niger Delta region.

Igbo (Ibo)
lgbo

Abuja

The Federal Capital Territory is the home of Abuja, the capital of Nigeria. The Territory was formed in 1976 from parts of former Nasarawa, Niger, and Kogi States. It is in the central region of the country. Unlike the States of Nigeria, which are headed by elected Governors, it is administered by the Federal Capital Territory Administration, headed by a minister appointed by the President.

Adamawa

Adamawa is a state in northeastern Nigeria, with its capital at Yola. It was formed in 1991 from part of Gongola State with four administrative divisions namely: Adamawa, Ganye, Mubi and Numan. It is also the home of the American University of Nigeria in Yola. It is one of the thirty-six (36) States which constitute the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Babur
Bachama
Banso (Panso)
Batta
Baya
Bilei
Bille (Bile, Bili)
Botlere
Bura
Bwatiye
Bwazza
Daba
Daka
Ga'anda
Gira
Gizigz
Gombi
Gude
Gudu
Gwa (Gurawa)
Gwamba
Higi (Hig)
Holma
Hona
Ichen
Jibu
Jirai
Kaka
Kambu
Kanakuru (Dera)
Kanufi
Kilba
Kurdul
Lakka
Lala
Longuda (Lunguda)
Mambilla
Margi (Marghi)
Matakam (Mafa)
Mbol
Mbula
Muchaila
Mundang
Ngweshe (Ndhang.Ngoshe-Ndhang)
Njayi
Palli
Pire
Shuwa
Sukur
Teme
Tigon
Tur
Ubbo
Vemgo
Verre
Wagga
Wula
Wurbo
Yungur

Akwa Ibom

Akwa Ibom is a state in Nigeria named after the Qua Iboe river. It is located in the coastal South-Southern part of the country, lying between latitudes 4°321 and 5°331 North, and longitudes 7°251 and 8°251 East. The State is bordered on the east by Cross River State, on the west by Rivers State and Abia State, and on the South by the Atlantic Ocean and the southernmost tip of Cross River State.

Eket
Igbo (Ibo)

Anambra

Anambra State is a state in south-eastern Nigeria. Its name is an anglicized version of the original 'Oma Mbala', the native name of the Anambra River. The Capital and the Seat of Government is Awka. Onitsha and Nnewi are the biggest commercial and industrial cities, respectively. The state's theme is "Light Of The Nation". Boundaries are formed by Delta State to the west, Imo State and Rivers State to the south, Enugu State to the east and Kogi State to the north. The origin of the name is derived from the Anambra River (Omambala) which is a tributary of the famous River Niger.

Igbo (Ibo)
lgbo

Bauchi

Bauchi State is a state in northern Nigeria. Its capital is the city of Bauchi. The state was formed in 1976 when the former North-Eastern State was broken up. It originally included the area now in Gombe State, which became a distinct state in 1996. The Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University is located in the capital city Bauchi.

Angas
Bambora (Bambarawa)
Banka (Bankalawa)
Bara (Barawa, Kotoko, Mser, Moria, Makari)
Barke
Bele (Buli Belewa)
Bole (Bolewa)
Boma (Bomawa Burmano)
Bomboro
Buli
Burak
Buta (Butawa)
Chama (Chamawa Fitilai)
Chamo
Dadiya
Daza (Dere Derewa)
Deno (Denawa)
Duma (Dumawa)
Galambi
Geji
Gera (Gere or Gerawa)
Geruma (Gerumawa)
Gingwak
Gubi (Gubawa)
Gururntum
Gyem
Hausa
Jaku
Jara (Jaar Jarawa Jarawa-Dutse)
Jere (Jare Jera Jera Jerawa)
Jimbin (Jimbinawa)
Jukun
Kamo
Karekare (Karaikarai)
Kariya
Kirfi (Kirfawa)
Kubi (Kubawa)
Kudachano (Kudawa)
Kushi
Kwami (Kwom)
Kwanka (Kwankwa)
Limono
Longuda (Lunguda)
Miya (Miyawa)
Ngamo
Ningi (Ningawa)
Ouguri
Pa'a (Pa'awa Afawa)
Pero
Polchi Habe
Pulani (Pulbe)
Rebina (Rebinawa)
Sanga
Saya (Sayawa Za'ar)
Segidi (Sigidawa)
Siri (Sirawa)
Tangale
Tera (Terawa)
Tula
Waja
Warji
Zaranda
Zayam (Zeam)
Zul (Zulawa)
Fulani (Fula, Fulbe)

Bayelsa

Bayelsa State is a state in southern Nigeria in the core Niger Delta region, between Delta State and Rivers State. Its capital is Yenagoa. The four main languages spoken are Izon, Nembe, Epie-Atissa, and Ogbia. Like the rest of Nigeria, English is the official language. The state was formed in 1996 from part of Rivers State and is thus one of the newest states of the Nigerian federation.

Ijaw (Ijo, Izon)
lzondjo

Benue

Benué is a state in the mid-belt region of Nigeria with a population of about 4,253,641 in 2006 census. Idoma and Tiv, are spoken predominantly. There are other ethnic groups, including Igede, Etulo and Abakwa., Jukun, Hausa, Akweya and Nyifon. With its capital at Makurdi, Benué is a rich agricultural region; some of the crops grown there are potatoes, cassava, soya bean, guinea corn, flax, yams, sesame, rice, and grand nuts.

Akweya-Yachi
Egede (lgedde)
Etolu (Etilo)
Idoma
Jukun
lgbo
Tiv (Tivi)
Ufia
Utonkong
Yalla
Kofyar

Borno

Borno State is a state in north-eastern Nigeria. Its capital is Maiduguri. The state was formed in 1976 from the split of the North-Eastern State. Until 1991 it contained what is now Yobe State.

Buduma
Chinine
Gavako
Hausa
Higi (Hig)
Kanakuru (Dera)
Ngweshe (Ndhang.Ngoshe-Ndhang)
Pulani (Pulbe)
Shuwa
Kanuri (Kanouri, Kanowri, Yerwa)

Cross River

Cross River State is a coastal state in southeastern Nigeria, bordering Cameroon to the east. Its capital is at Calabar, and it is named for the Cross River (Oyono), which passes through the state. Ejagham and Efik are major languages of this state.

Abayon
Adim
Adun
Agbo
Akaju-Ndem
Anyima
Bachere
Bahumono
Bekwarra
Bette
Boki (Nki)
Efik
Ekajuk
Ekoi (Ejagham)
Etung
Igbo (Ibo)
Ikorn
lyala (lyalla)
Mbembe
Mbube
Nkim
Nkum
Ododop
Olulumo
Qua
Ukelle
Uyanga
Yache
Yakurr (Yako)

Delta

Delta State is a state in Nigeria, which comprises the Urhobos, Isoko, Ukwuani, Itsekiri, Ezon, Enuani-Igbos, and Ika ethnic nationalities. The ethnic groups are grouped into three senatorial districts, namely Delta North, Delta South and Delta Central, for administrative purposes.

Igbo (Ibo)
Ijaw (Ijo, Izon)
Isoko
lgbo
lsekiri (Itsekiri, Itsekri, Ishekiri, Itsekhiri)
lzondjo
Ukwani (Kwale)
Urhobo

Ebonyi

Ebonyi State is a state of Nigeria, in the south of the Eastern region. It is inhabited and populated primarily by Igbo. Its capital and largest city is Abakaliki. It is one of the six states created in 1996 by the Abacha government. Ebonyi was created from parts of both Enugu State and Abia State. It is the location of the Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu.

Igbo (Ibo)
lgbo

Edo

Edo State is an inland state in western Nigeria. Its capital is Benin City. It is bounded in the north and east by Kogi State, in the south by Delta State and in the west by Ondo State.

Bini
Ebira (Ebirra, Igbira, Igbirra)
Ebu
Esan (Ishan)
Etsako (Afemai, Afenmai, Estakor, Iyekhee, Yekhee, Ivbiosakon)
Etuno
Isoko
Okpamheri
Owan
Uneme (Ineme)

Ekiti

Ekiti State is a state in western Nigeria, declared a state on October 1, 1996 alongside five others by the military under the dictatorship of General Sani Abacha. The state, carved out of the territory of old Ondo State, covers the former twelve local government areas that made up the Ekiti Zone of old Ondo State. On creation, it took off with sixteen (16) Local Government Areas (LGAs), having had an additional four carved out of the old ones. Ekiti State is one of the thirty-six states (Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria)) that constitute Nigeria. Ekiti State is reputed to have produced the highest number of professors in Nigeria. Several pioneers academics are from the state. Pioneers like Profs Adegoke Olubummo( One of the 1st Nigerian Professors in the field of Mathematics), Adeyinka Adeyemi(1st Professor of Architecture in West Africa). Others include renowned academics like Profs J.F. Ade-Ajayi, Niyi Osundare, Sam Aluko and others too many to mention.

Yoruba

Enugu

Enugu State is a mainland state in southeastern Nigeria. Its capital is Enugu, from which the state - created in 1991 from the old Anambra State - derives its name. The principal cities in the state are Enugu, Agbani, Awgu, Udi, Oji-River, and Nsukka.

Igbo (Ibo)
lgbo
Mbembe

Gombe

Gombe State, located in the northeastern part of Nigeria, is one of the country's 36 states; its capital is Gombe. The boundaries of the state roughly correspond to those of the Tangale-Waja Chiefdom and Gombe Emirate, a traditional state.

Longuda (Lunguda)
Fulani (Fula, Fulbe)

Imo

Imo State is one of the 36 states of Nigeria and lies in the south eastern of Nigeria with Owerri as its capital and largest city.

Igbo (Ibo)
lgbo

Jigawa

Jigawa State is a state in central northern Nigeria. Its capital is Dutse.

Angas
Auyoka (Auyokawa)
Hausa
Kanufi
Kurama
Pulani (Pulbe)
Warja (Warja)

Kaduna

Kaduna State is a state in the North West zone of Nigeria. Its capital is Kaduna.

Attakar (ataka)
Ayu
Bassa
Bina (Binawa)
Gure
Gwandara
Gwari (Gbagyi, Gwarri, Gbari)
Hausa
Jaba
Kafanchan
Kagoro
Kaje (Kache)
Kajuru (Kajurawa)
Kamaku (Kamuku, Karnukawa)
Kanikon
Kanufi
Katab (Kataf, Atyap)
Kiballo (Kiwollo)
Koro (Kwaro)
Kurama
Mada
Manchok
Moruwa (Moro'a Morwa)
Ninzam (Ninzo)
Nunku
Pulani (Pulbe)
Rishuwa
Rumada
Rumaya
Srubu (Surubu)
Uncinda

Kano

Kano State is a state located in North-Western Nigeria and the most populous state of the Nigerian Federation. Created on May 27, 1967 from part of the Northern Region, Kano state borders Katsina State to the north-west, Jigawa State to the north-east, Bauchi State to the south-east and Kaduna State to the south-west. The capital of Kano State is Kano.

Hausa
Kanufi
Pulani (Pulbe)
Shira (Shirawa)
Teshena (Teshenawa)

Katsina

Katsina State is a state in northern Nigeria. Its capital is Katsina, and its Governor is Ibrahim Shema, a member of the People's Democratic Party. In 1987, Katsina State was formed from part of Kaduna State.

Pulani (Pulbe)
Fulani (Fula, Fulbe)

Kebbi

Kebbi State is a state in north-western Nigeria with its capital at Birnin Kebbi. The state was formed from part of Sokoto State in 1991. Kebbi State is bordered by Sokoto State, Niger State, Dosso Region in the Republic of Niger and the nation of Benin. It has a total area of 36,800 km².

Achipa (Achipawa)
Dakarkari
Danda (Dandawa)
Duka (Dukawa)
Hausa
Kamaku (Kamuku, Karnukawa)
Kambari
Pulani (Pulbe)
Reshe
Uncinda
Zarma (Zarmawa, Djerma, Zerma, Dyerma, Zabarma)
Fulani (Fula, Fulbe)

Kogi

Kogi state is found in the central region of Nigeria. It is popularly called the Confluence State because the confluence of River Niger and River Benue is at its capital, Lokoja, which is the first administrative capital of modern-day Nigeria.

Bassa
Bunu
Ebira (Ebirra, Igbira, Igbirra)
Ebu
Gbedde
Igalla (Igala)
ljumu
Yoruba

Kwara

Kwara State is in Western Nigeria. Its capital is Ilorin. The primary ethnic group of Kwara State is Yoruba, with significant Nupe, Bariba Hausa minorities.

Nupe (Tapa)
Ogori
Owe
Oworo
Yagba
Yoruba

Lagos

Lagos State is an administrative division of Nigeria, located in the southwestern part of the country. The smallest in area of Nigeria's states, Lagos State is arguably the most economically important state of the country, containing Lagos, the nation's largest urban area. The actual population total is disputed between the official Nigerian Census of 2006, and a much higher figure claimed by the Lagos State Government. Lagos State is located in the south-western part of the Nigerian Federation. On the North and East it is bounded by Ogun State. In the West it shares boundaries with the Republic of Benin. Behind its southern borders lies the Atlantic Ocean. 22% of its 3,577 km2 are lagoons and creeks.

Awori
Egun (Gu)
Yoruba

Nasarawa

Nasarawa State is a state in central Nigeria. Its capital is Lafia.

Niger

Niger State is a state in north-western Nigeria and the largest state in the country. The state capital is Minna, and other major cities are Bida, Kontagora, and Suleja. It was formed in 1976 when the then North-Western State was bifurcated into Niger State and Sokoto State.

Baruba (Barba)
Bassa
Baushi
Boko (Bussawa Bargawa)
Buduma
Dakarkari
Gade
Gurmana
Gwandara
Gwari (Gbagyi, Gwarri, Gbari)
Hausa
Kamaku (Kamuku, Karnukawa)
Kambari
Kanufi
Koro (Kwaro)
Kurama
Laaru (Larawa)
Lopa (Lupa Lopawa)
Nupe (Tapa)
Pongo (Pongu)
Pulani (Pulbe)
Reshe
Rubu
Uncinda
Ura (Ula)
Yumu
Zabara

Ogun

Ogun State is a state in southwestern Nigeria. Created in 1976, it borders Lagos State to the south, Oyo and Osun states to the north, Ondo State to the east and the Republic of Benin to the west. Abeokuta is the capital and largest city in the state.

Awori
Egun (Gu)
Yoruba

Ondo

Ondo State, Nigeria was created on 3 February 1976 from the former Western State. It originally included what is now Ekiti State, which was split off in 1996. Akure is the state capital.

Ebira (Ebirra, Igbira, Igbirra)
lzondjo
Yoruba

Osun

Osun State is an inland state in south-western Nigeria. Its capital is Osogbo. It is bounded in the north by Kwara State, in the east partly by Ekiti State and partly by Ondo State, in the south by Ogun State and in the west by Oyo State. The state's current governor is Rauf Aregbesola, who was declared as the winner of 2007 election by Appeal Court in Ibadan on 26 November 2010. Ogbeni (Rauf Aregbesola) was also Reelected as Osun State Governor on August 9, 2014. Osun State is home to several of Nigeria's most famous landmarks, including the campus of Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria's pre-eminent institution of higher learning. The university is also located in the ancient town of Ile-Ife, an important early center of political and religious development for Yoruba culture. Other important cities and towns include the ancient kingdom-capitals of Oke-Ila Orangun, Ila Orangun, Ijebu-Jesa, Ede, Iwo, Ejigbo, Modakeke, Ibokun, Ifetedo, Esa-Oke and Ilesa. English was introduced to Osun state - land of the great lamp - in 1998.

Yoruba

Other

Oyo

Oyo State is an inland state in south-western Nigeria, with its capital at Ibadan. It is bounded in the north by Kwara State, in the east by Osun State, in the south by Ogun State and in the west partly by Ogun State and partly by the Republic of Benin.

Yoruba

Plateau

Plateau State is the twelfth largest state of Nigeria, and is roughly located in the center of the country. It is geographically unique in Nigeria because its boundaries totally surround the Jos Plateau, having the Jos Plateau totally in its central and northern part. Its capital is Jos.

Afizere
Afo
Amo
Anaguta
Angas
Ankwei
Bada
Bashiri (Bashirawa)
Bassa
Birom (Berom)
Bkkos
Buji
Burma (Burmawa)
Bwall
Challa
Chip
Chokobo
Doemak (Dumuk)
Eggon
Fyam (Fyem)
Fyer(Fer)
Goemai
Gusu
Gwandara
Gwari (Gbagyi, Gwarri, Gbari)
Irigwe
Jere (Jare Jera Jera Jerawa)
Jidda-Abu
Jukun
Kantana
Kanufi
Kenern (Koenoem)
Kulere (Kaler)
Kurama
Kwalla
Kwanka (Kwankwa)
Kwaro
Kwato
Limono
Mabo
Mada
Mama
Memyang (Meryan)
Miango
Miligili (Migili)
Montol
Munga (Mupang)
Mushere
Mwahavul (Mwaghavul)
Ninzam (Ninzo)
Nokere (Nakere)
Nunku
Pai
Pyapun (Piapung)
Qanawuri
Rindire (Rendre)
Rukuba
Shan-Shan
Shangawa (Shangau)
Sikdi
Sura
Tarok
Tiv (Tivi)
Yergan (Yergum)
Yuom
Kofyar

Rivers

Rivers State is one of the 36 states of Nigeria. According to census data released in 2006, the state has a population of 5,185,400, making it the sixth-most populous state in the country. Its capital, Port Harcourt is the largest city and is economically significant as the centre of Nigeria's oil industry. Rivers State is bounded on the South by the Atlantic Ocean, to the North by Imo, Abia and Anambra States, to the East by Akwa Ibom State and to the West by Bayelsa and Delta states. It is home to many indigenous ethnic groups: Ikwerre, Ibani, Opobo, Okrika, and Kalabari, Etche, Ogba, Ogoni, Engenni and others.

Abua (Odual)
Andoni (Obolo)
Bille (Bile, Bili)
Degema
Ebana (Ebani)
Egbema
Engenni (Ngene, Egeni)
Epie
Etche (Echie)
Gokana (Kana)
Ibani
Igbo (Ibo)
Ijaw (Ijo, Izon)
lgbo
lzondjo
Eleme
Ogoni
Ekpeye
Ikwerre (Ikwere)
Kula
Nkoro
Nkoroo
Ogba
Opobo

Sokoto

Sokoto State is located in the extreme northwest of Nigeria, near to the confluence of the Sokoto River and the Rima River. As of 2005 it has an estimated population of more than 4.2 million. Sokoto City is the modern-day capital of Sokoto State (and its predecessor, the Northwestern State).

Hausa
Kyenga (Kengawa)
Pulani (Pulbe)
Shanga (Shangawa)
Uncinda
Fulani (Fula, Fulbe)

Taraba

Taraba State is a state of Nigeria, named after the Taraba River which traverses the southern part of the state. Taraba's capital is Jalingo.

Babur
Bakulung
Bali
Bambuko
Banda (Bandawa)
Betso (Bete)
Bobua
Chamba
Chukkol
Dangsa
Diba
Gengle
Gonia
Gornun (Gmun)
Gwom
Hausa
Idoma
Jahuna (Jahunawa)
Jero
Jonjo (Jenjo)
Jukun
Kaba(Kabawa)
Kadara
Kanufi
Karimjo
Kenton
Koma
Kona
Kugama
Kunini
Kuteb (Kutep)
Kutin
Kwanchi
Lama
Lamja
Lau
Mbum
Mumuye
Ndoro
Nyandang
Panyam
Pkanzom
Poll
Potopo
Pulani (Pulbe)
Sakbe
Sate
Shomo
Tarok
Tikar
Tiv (Tivi)
Vommi
Waka
Wurkun
Yandang
Yott

Yobe

Yobe State is a state located in Northern Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on August 27, 1991. Yobe state was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe state is Damaturu.

Affade
Babur
Bade
Bole (Bolewa)
Buru
Chibok (Chibbak)
Kanufi
Karekare (Karaikarai)
Manga (Mangawa)
Ngamo
Ngizim
Pulani (Pulbe)
Fulani (Fula, Fulbe)

Zamfara

Zamfara State is a state in northwestern Nigeria. Its capital is Gusau and its Governor is Abdul'aziz Abubakar Yari, a member of the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP). Until 1996 the area was part of Sokoto State.

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